Donald Trump’s first budget outline, explained

Department of Defense gets a boost and everything else gets cut:

* $639 billion in total defense spending, including both base budget and Overseas Contingency Operations (the war budget) — a $52 billion increase.

* Increases of 7 percent and 6 percent, respectively, for the Department of Homeland Security and Department of Veterans Affairs. That includes funding for a border wall, $1.5 billion more to remove undocumented immigrants, $314 million to hire more Border Patrol and Immigration and Customs Enforcement officers, and a $667 million reduction in grants to state and local governments, including FEMA grants.

* A 31 percent cut in the Environmental Protection Agency budget, from $8.2 billion down to $5.7 billion, the lowest level (after adjusting for inflation) in 40 years and below where even congressional Republicans wanted it. More than 50 programs would be eliminated, as would 3,200 jobs. Specifically, the budget “discontinues funding for the Clean Power Plan, international climate change programs, climate change research and partnership programs, and related efforts,” and reduces Superfund cleanup funding.

* A 28 percent cut in the State Department budget, with particularly harsh cuts to the US Agency for International Development (USAID). The Global Climate Change Initiative and UN climate change programs would see funding cut off, other UN funding including peacekeeping would be cut, and development banks like the World Bank would see $650 million in cuts over three years.

* Significant cuts to just about every other department, including 21 percent to Agriculture and Labor, 18 percent to Health and Human Services, 16 percent to Commerce, 14 percent to Education, 13 percent to Housing and Urban Development, 13 percent to Transportation, and 12 percent to Interior. The Education Department would get $1.4 billion for new school choice programs, including private school vouchers, but see cuts to before-school, after-school, and summer programs, a $2.4 billion teacher professional development program, and need-based grants that help with college tuition.

* Huge cuts to medical and science research spending, including a $6 billion or 18 percent reduction in the National Institutes for Health budget, a $900 million cut to the Energy Department’s Office of Science, a $250 million cut to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration grants for research and education, and eliminating the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy.

* Total elimination of the National Endowment for the Arts, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, the Legal Services Corporation, the United States Institute of Peace, and 14 other agencies.