A stop motion animation from 1913 called “The Insects’ Christmas” by Ladislas Starevich.
Wikipedia’s Bio on Starevich:
Ladislas Starevich (August 8, 1882 – February 26, 1965), born WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw Starewicz, was a Polish, Russian and French stop-motion animator who used insects and animals as his protagonists…
…Starewicz had interests in a number of different areas; by 1910 he was director of a museum of natural history in Kaunas. There he made four short live-action documentaries for the museum. For the fifth film, Starewicz wished to record the battle of two stag beetles, but was stymied by the fact that the nocturnal creatures inevitably went to sleep whenever the stage lighting was turned on. Inspired by a viewing of Les allumettes animÃ©es [Animated Matches] (1908) by Emile Cohl, Starewicz decided to re-create the fight through stop-motion animation: he removed the legs and mandibles from two beetle carcasses, then re-attached them with wax, creating articulated puppets. The result was the short film Lucanus Cervus (1910), apparently the first animated puppet film with a plot and the natal hour of Russian animation.
Also on YouTube is Starevich’s The Portrait (1915)
(YouTube clip via PoeTV)
Bibi has a ton of Starevich’s stop motion animation films on her blog Videos with Bibi.